Last modified: 15.4.19
We know that many EU students will be concerned about their rights in the UK following Brexit and it continues to be uncertain time. Under EU law you have a right to be in the UK to study and work and are not required to have proof of this entitlement. This right will remain whilst the UK remains a member state of the EU. Due to the recent extension of article 50 this is likely to be 31st October 2019 (but could be sooner if the Withdrawal Agreement is agreed by Parliament)
Brexit updates are available from the University at https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/brexit-advice/news
The UK government has confirmed that the rights of EU citizens currently resident in the UK will be protected. Under the terms of the proposed withdrawal agreement they have confirmed that EU citizens and their families will be able to apply for 'settled status' . If there is a deal there will be a transistional period until December 2020. All EU citizens resident in the UK by the end of the transition period will be able to apply for settled or pre settled status. This also includes any relevant Non EU- family members as long as the relationship existed by 31.12.2020. EU citizens will have until June 2021 to register for pre settled or settled status.
The government has also produced guidance on EU citizen rights in event of No Deal. If there is no deal the all EU citizens who are resident in the UK before the UK leaves the EU will be able to apply for settled or pre settled status. Non EU direct family members will also be able to apply if the relationship existed at the time UK leaves. In the event of No Deal Eu citizens who wish to register for settled status will need to do so before 31.12.2020.
EU citizens should be able to travel freely in/out of UK after Brexit and before they have registered for settled status, you may however wish to carry evidence with you that you were already resident in UK prior to Brexit e.g student status certificate, bank statement. We do not think you will need this but it may help prove you are an EU citizen resident in UK before Brexit in case you are asked at the border. Some EU students have been asking about this and are concerned about travel around Brexit.
It has also been confirmed that an agreement has been reached with the EFTA states and Switzerland. This also applies in the event of No deal, with similar arrangements in place as those for EU citizens.
EEA students can get advice about their personal immigration situation from an adviser at the Student Advice Centre. However, we do only have one Immigration adviser and so to ensure that all EU students and their families can get access to advice and information we will be running group information sessions and workshops to provide information,advice and support with applications for the EUSS scheme. The Student Advice Centre will also be supporting family members of EU students.
The following information is based on what we know so far about EU citizen rights post Brexit. You may also find the UKCISA information on this useful.
The UK gave formal notification of its intention to withdraw from the European Union (by triggering Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union), on 29 March 2017. The process is likely to take a minimum of two years, and the UK remains a member of the European Union during this time. Therefore, there is no change to the position of EEA nationals and their family members in the UK during this time which means students and their family members can continue to exercise their residency rights in the UK up until 31.10.2019 (or the date that the UK actually leaves the EU if this changes).
The Home Office has continued to update their information to provide assurances and information for EEA nationals currently in the UK, and those wishing to come to the UK.
Under the terms of the Withdrawal Agreement, there is an agreement on citizens' rights during a transitional/ implementation period from 29 March 2019. This is a period of time (likely to continue until 31 December 2020) during which EU nationals and their family members can come to, or remain in, the UK on broadly the same basis as they can now. The UK has also confirmed in January 2019 that agreement has been reached with Norway, Iceland, Lichtenstein and Switzerland on the rights of non-EU EEA and Swiss nationals and their family members.
If a final deal is reached, those already in the UK before 31.10.2019 and those who come to the UK during the transitional/ implementation period will be able to apply for status in the UK under a scheme designed by the UK government. The status granted will be ‘settled’ status or ‘pre-settled’ status depending on the length of time in the UK.
If there is No Deal only those EU citizens resident in UK by the date that the UK leaves the EU will be eligible to apply.
The Home Office has published details of how it intends its EU settlement scheme to work. Immigration rules can be found at Appendix EU and caseworker Guidance. It was announced on 21.1.19 that there will not be any fee for applying.
The aim of the scheme, as stated in the foreword, is that "EU citizens living in the UK, along with their family members, will be able to stay and continue their lives, with the same access to work, study, benefits and public services that they enjoy now. Existing close family members living overseas will be able to join them here in future". The introduction stresses the value placed on the contribution EU citizens and their family members have made to the UK and that "We want those who have chosen to make their home in this country to stay here permanently".
We have put together some FAQ's together please see below.
To keep up to date with all the rapid changes in rights for EU nationals we recommend that you also you use the following sources:
Updates about the negotiations and the post Brexit position of EU nationals in the UK can be found at https://www.gov.uk/guidance/status-of-eu-nationals-in-the-uk-what-you-need-to-know
Your rights to be joined by family members including those from outside the EU will continue whilst the UK remains a member of the EU. (Family members will be able to join you under the proposed settled status scheme see EU Settlement scheme information )You can bring your spouse/partner and children to the UK even if they are not themselves EEA nationals. This includes civil partners and unmarried partners.
If your family member is here in the UK they will need to apply for a residence card on an EEA(FM) or EEA(EFM) form available to download. There is a charge of £65 for this application. It can take up to 6 months for these applications to be processed in the UK.
If your non-EEA family member is outside the UK they will need to apply for a family permit before they travel to the UK.There is no fee for applying outside the UK.
If you are from Croatia your non-EEA family members cannot apply for a residence card until you have completed 12 months' continuous employment in the UK. Until that time, your family member can apply for a family member residence stamp to confirm their right of residence under European law.
If your spouse or partner is from a non accession EEA country they will be able to work without permission in the UK.
If your family member is from one of the accession states they may need to apply for worker registration or authorisation.
Last modified 29/10/18
If your family member is from outside the UK they will be allowed to work provided you are also allowed to work. However, they will need to apply for a residence card to confirm these rights to an employer (see above). If you are not married to each other then your non EEA partner will need to wait until the registration card has been processed. If you are married you should get an acknowledgement letter which confirms your right to work before the application has been processed.
You can have a 1-1 with our International Student Adviser who will also be able to check any European applications for you before you send them to the Home Office or British Embassy abroad. You will need to have:
1. Proof of your living costs (3 months bank statements and sponsor letter if appropriate)
2. Certificate of student status for EEA national
3. European Health Insurance Card issued outside of UK (for proof of Comprehensive Sickness Insurance) plus letter confirming you are temporarily resident in the UK
Last modified 29/10/18
You can download free ebook guides to making EU residence applications at https://www.freemovement.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/EU-residence-rights-students.pdf
How to apply
There is currently a charge of £65 for these applications and it can take up to 6 months to process. You do not need to use the specified application form provided by UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI), however, it easier in most cases to use it.
2. You need to provide 2 photos (get these done at Max Photo
3. A certificate of student status from SSiD.
4. Proof of your comprehensive sickness insurance (a European Health Insurance Card issued in your home country). If you do not have this you will be required to show you have additional private medical insurance which covers you for the duration of your studies in the UK. It is not sufficient to show that you are entitled to use the National Health Service (NHS) for your proof of CSI under current UK government rules. For more information about what CSI is see here
5. Proof of your finances (see detailed guide). There is no specified amount you must show. However, you should be able to show that you have enough money to cover your rent and living costs. The documents you can provide include bank statements, grant/loan letter, letter from parents, pay slips (if you are working).
What happens if I complete my studies?
If you complete your studies whilst the UK is still a member state of the EU and become a worker you will continue to have a right of residence in the UK. You can apply for confirmation of this right using the EEA(QP) form. You will need to provide evidence of your employment but will not have to show proof of comprehensive sickness insurance.
Can I apply for permanent residence in the UK as a student?
If you have been in the UK exercising Treaty rights as a qualified person (student, worker, job seeker, self-employed or self-sufficient person) for five years you may apply for confirmation of your rights to permanent residence. If you want to apply for British citizenship you will need proof of your permanent residence card to support your application.
If you are considering a permanent residence
Free Movement also provide free ebook guides to making EU applications see here
How to apply
There is currently a charge of £65 for these applications and it can take up to 6 months to process. You do not need to use the specified application form EEA(PR) provided by UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI), however, if you choose to apply for example by just submitting a letter it will be important that you get advice on the preparation of your evidence. An online form has also recently been introduced. download it from here
2. If you have been studying (and not working) in the UK you will need to show that have been covered by comprehensive sickness insurance (CSI) for the duration of your studies. You will be required to provide a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) issued from your home country.
3. If you have been working during your studies you may be able to apply as a worker rather than as a student depending on the number of hours of work. Generally speaking if you have only being doing casual work for a small number of hours you will not be considered to be a worker. You should seek further advice if this applies to you.
You can apply for settled status if you are an EU citizen and have lived in the UK for a continuous period of 5 years.
Where you do not want to wait for the new scheme, you can apply for permanent residence now only if you meet the criteria. However, you will have to apply again for settlement when the applications open. If you wish to do this, please contact the Student Advice Centre.
You can apply for pre-settled status if you have arrived in the UK on or before 31st December 2020.
Once you have lived in the UK continuously for 5 years
You will be granted 5 years limited leave to remain during which your rights to healthcare, work arrangements and access to benefits will continue.
You will be eligible to apply for settled status (indefinite leave to remain) as soon as you have completed 5 years continuous residence in the UK.
It was annunced onThere is no fee for the application but if you apply during pilot phase you may still have to pay £65 or £32.50 for child. This should be refunded.
You will still have to apply but the process will be more straightforward. Those with PR will not be charged even in pilot phase.
All application for pre or settled status will now be free following announcement on 21.1.2019.
Living in the UK for a continuous period of 5 years means you have not been absent from the UK for more than 6 months in any 12 month period. There is no restriction on the number of absences.
You will still be eligible for the scheme if you do not leave for more than 12 months and it is for an important reason such as childbirth, pregnancy, serious illness, study, vocational training or overseas posting.
Any period of absence on compulsory military service is permitted.
You will be able to continue to live and work in the UK permanently.
Your rights to healthcare, work arrangements and access to benefits will continue.
After holding settled status for 12 months, you will be eligible to apply for British citizenship.
You will have to apply for settled status by *30th June 2021.*
The scheme will be fully open by 30th March 2019 but the Pilot Scheme has been extended from 21.1.19 and is open to most EU citizens including students.
You will not be required to apply for status under the scheme, but you may do so if you wish.
Irish citizens enjoy a right of residence in the UK under the common travel area regulations. This is not reliant on the UK’s membership of the EU.
Your eligible family members (who are not Irish citizens) will be able to apply for settled status without the Irish citizen doing so.
Where you do not want to send your physical passport or identity card by post, you can use an app which will confirm the relevant details remotely using a mobile phone or tablet.
Where the Home Office considers your criminal conviction as “serious” your application may be refused.
You must self-declare your criminal convictions in your application (without having to submit evidence).
Minor offences such as parking fines will not be grounds for refusal.
Seek further advice if you are concerned about this.
The Home Office will verify dates using data held by the HM Revenue and Customs and The Department for Work and Pensions.
Where there is no government data you will be able to upload additional evidence.
A draft list of acceptable documentary evidence can be found in Annex A of the UKVI document.
It is currently assumed that applications will need to be made inside the UK. This may be subject to change.
It will be an online application form. Only in particular circumstances can a paper application form be requested and details are not yet available.
No, you will not have to pay the Immigration Health Surcharge.
You will not have to show that you have held comprehensive sickness insurance during your qualifying period.
However, where you want to apply for permanent residence before this is replaced with the Settlement Scheme, you will have to show that you have held CSI or an EHIC card for the whole 5 years of your qualifying period.
Where your application is refused, you will have the right to request an administrative review.
Where you are refused under the scheme before 31st December 2020, you can make a fresh application before 30th June 2021.
A right of appeal may be established if you apply under the scheme after *30th March 2019*, however this is yet to be approved by parliament.
There will be digital means of evidencing your status.
No physical document will be issued to EU citizens.
Non EU citizens will be issued with a biometric residence document.
You will not have to enrol your fingerprints.
You will be required to upload a passport style photograph of yourself as part of the digital application process. This must be a different photograph than the one in your passport.
Yes, we will offer briefing sessions, group workshops and hopefully support with making applications. Further details are to follow. Next Briefing session is February 15th 2019 in the Student Union Auditorium from 12pm please register here
You can find useful updates and a guide to making an application for EU settlement on Free Movement. See https://www.freemovement.org.uk/how-to-apply-for-settled-status-temporary-status-brexit/
Look out for information about Workshops for help with making applications.
If you are using your own Android device, please complete these steps before starting the application process:
Scan your passport
Scan the photo page of your passport using the camera on your Android device. The full page must be inside the frame, including the two lines of numbers at the bottom of the page. Make sure your phone camera is focused on the text on the page.
The app will prompt you to adjust your Android device to make sure you capture your document effectively. These prompts will appear in a text box at the top of your screen.
Try taking the photo of your document at arm's length if you are having problems
Check your document’s information
Remove any cases or covers from your document and Android device and make sure the volume is turned up.
Click the ‘check now’ button in the app when you are ready to start checking your document.
Place the Android device on top of your document when the app tells you to ‘check your document’s information’. Move the device around the document until the app recognises it.
A progress bar will let you know when the check begins and when it is complete. Do not move the Android device until the check is complete.
If the app doesn’t recognise your document, you should slowly move your device around the document until the app recognises it. You’ll hear a beep if your document has been recognised and the volume on your device is turned up.
If you’re using a passport and you continue to have problems, place the phone on the reverse cover or the photo page.
If the app cannot read the chip in your passport or UK residence card
If the app is not able to read the chip in your document, we’ll ask you to send your passport to us for manual checking of your identity and nationality.
Details of how you can do this are provided in the application. We’ll ensure that your document is returned to you without delay.
Scan your face
The screen will flash as it scans your face. You should hold your device’s camera in front of your face until the scanning is complete.
You can skip this step and provide different evidence to prove your identity if flashing light may cause you difficulties. You can do this by going to the ‘Find out more’ menu and selecting ‘Skip this step’.
Take a photo of yourself
Your photo should:
After using the app to verify your identity, you can complete the rest of the application either on that device or on any smartphone, laptop or computer. We have already set up the relevant webpage to continue your application on the laptop. Or type in the following web address: https://tinyurl.com/y6uxncce